CBSE Class 10 2023-24 English Syllabus

CBSE Class 10 2023-24 English Syllabus

Class 10 Syllabus Overview

Students preparing for the board exam should know the class 10 syllabus. Students should be aware of all the topics, the examination pattern, important details regarding the syllabus, etc. There are no changes in terms of class 10 reduced syllabus or increase in the syllabus. Like every year, the new session for 2023-24 starts in April or May 2022. Below is a chart on the class 10 syllabus overview:

Exam Name

Class 10th – CBSE

Conducting Body

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)



Frequency of Conduction

Once in an Academic year

Mode of Exam


Exam Duration

3 Hours

Question Paper Marks

100 marks (Theory marks + Internal Assessments)

Negative Marking

No Negative Marking


Competency-Based Questions would be minimum 40% These can be in the form of Multiple Choice Questions, Case-based Questions, Source-based Integrated Questions or any other types.  Objective Type Questions will be 20%  Remaining 40% short answer/long answer questions (as per existing pattern)

Official Website

Curriculum for Cbse Class 10 2023-24

The subjects offered in CBSE 10 are as follows:




Subjects of

Internal Assessment

Subject 1

Subject 2

Subject 3

Subject 4 

Subject 5

Subject 6

Subject 7

Subject 8 and 9

Assessment and certification at school level

Names of the subjects

Language I (Hindi -Course A or Hindi -Course B or English Language and Literature )

Language II (Anyone from the Group of Languages (Group-L) other than the Language chosen as Subject 1)

Mathematics – Basic or Mathematics Standard


Social Science

Skill subject

Language III /Any subject other than opted above 

Art Education 

Health & Physical Education Work Experience*




Group- A1



Subject- Science

The following chart shows the class 10 syllabus for Science for 2023-24:





Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour

  • Chemical Reactions
  • Acids, Bases, and Salts
  • Metals and Non-Metals
  • Carbon Compounds
  • Periodic Classification of Elements


World of Living

  • Life Processes
  • Reproductions
  • Heredity and Evolution


Natural Phenomena

Reflection of Light and Laws


Effects of Current

  • Effect of current
  • Magnetic Effects of Current


Natural Resources

  • Our Environment
  • Management of Natural Resources

Subject- Maths

The following chart shows the class 10 syllabus for Mathematics for 2023-24:

Sr. No.




Number system

Real numbers



  • Polynomials
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Pair of linear equations in two variables
  • Arithmetic progressions


Coordinate Geometry

Lines [In two dimensions]



  • Triangles
  • Circles
  • Constructions



  • Introduction to Trigonometry
  • Heights and Distance
  • Trigonometric Identities



  • Areas related to circles
  • Surface Areas and volumes


Statistics and Probability

  • Statistics
  • Probability

Subject- Social Science

The following chart shows the class 10 syllabus for Social Science for 2023-24 that includes Geography, History, Economics, and Political Science. The class 10 syllabus for social science is referred to as term 2 and is as follows:


Learning Objectives

Section 1: Events and Processes

2. Nationalism in India

• The First World War, Khilafat and Non – Cooperation

• Differing Strands within the Movement

• Towards Civil Disobedience

• The Sense of Collective Belonging

• Recognize the characteristics of Indian nationalism through a case study of Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement.

• Analyze the nature of the diverse social movements of the time.

• Familiarize with the writings and ideas of different political groups and individuals.

• Appreciate the ideas promoting Pan Indian


Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies

3. The Making of a Global World

• The Pre-modern world

• The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)

• The Inter war Economy

• Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era

• Show that globalization has a long history and points to the shifts within the process.

• Analyze the implication of globalization for local economies.

• Discuss how globalization is experienced differently by different social groups.

4. The Age of Industrialization

• Before the Industrial Revolution

• Hand Labour and Steam Power

• Industrialization in the colonies

• Factories Come Up

• The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth

• Market for Goods

• Familiarize with the Pro- to-Industrial phase and Early – factory system.

• Familiarize with the process of industrialization and its impact on the labour class.

• Enable them to understand industrialization in the colonies with reference to Textile industries.


Learning Objectives

5. Minerals and Energy Resources

• What is a mineral?

• Mode of occurrence of Minerals

• Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Minerals

• Non-Metallic Minerals

• Rock Minerals

• Conservation of Minerals

• Energy Resources

o Conventional and Non-Conventional

• Conservation of Energy Resources

• Identify different types of minerals and energy resources and places of their availability

• Feel the need for their judicious utilization

6. Manufacturing Industries

• Importance of manufacturing

• Contribution of Industry to National Economy

• Industrial Location

• Classification of Industries

• Spatial distribution

• Industrial pollution and environmental degradation

• Control of Environmental Degradation

• Bring out the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of industries in some areas.

• Discuss the need for a planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development.

7. Life Lines of National Economy

• Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways

• Communication

• International Trade

• Tourism as a Trade

• Explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever-shrinking world.

• Understand the role of trade and tourism in the economic development of a country.


Learning Objectives

6. Political Parties

• Why do we need Political Parties?

• How many Parties should we have?

• National Political Parties

• State Parties

• Challenges to Political Parties

• How can Parties be reformed?

• Analyze party systems in democracies.

• Introduction to major political parties, challenges faced by them and reforms in the country.

7. Outcomes of Democracy

• How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?

• Accountable, responsive, and legitimate government

• Economic growth and development

• Reduction of inequality and poverty

• Accommodation of social diversity

• Dignity and freedom of the citizens

• Evaluate the functioning of democracies in comparison to alternative forms of governments.

• Understand the causes for the continuation of democracy in India.

• Distinguish between sources of strengths and weaknesses of Indian democracy.


Learning Objectives

3. Money and Credit

• Money as a medium of exchange

• Modern forms of money

• Loan activities of Banks

• Two different credit situations

• Terms of credit

• Formal sector credit in India

• Self Help Groups for the Poor

• Understand money as an economic concept.

• Understand the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day-to- day life.

4. Globalization and the Indian Economy

• Production across countries

• Interlinking production across countries

• Foreign Trade and integration of markets

• What is globalization?

• Factors that have enabled Globalization

• World Trade Organization

• Impact of Globalization on India

• The Struggle for a Fair Globalization

• Explain the working of the Global Economic phenomenon.





पाठ्यपुस्तक क्षितिज हिंदी भाग-2 व पूरक पाठ्यपुस्तक कृतिका भाग – 2

• सूरदास

• तुलसीदास

• देव

• जयशंकर प्रसाद

• सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी ‘निराला’

• नागार्जुन

• गिरिजा कुमार माथुर

• ऋतुराज

• मंगलेश डबराल

• स्वयं प्रकाश

• रामवृक्ष बेनीपुरी

• यशपाल

• सर्वेश्वर दयाल सक्सेना

• मन्नू भंडारी

• महावीर प्रसाद द्विवेदी

• यतीन्द्र मिश्रा

• भदंत आनंद कौसल्यायन

• माता का अँचल

• जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक

• एही ठैयाँ झुलनी हेरानी हो रामा!

• मैं क्यों लिखता हूँ ?



Reading Skills

Unseen passage with Multiple Type Questions

Writing Skills and Grammar

Ten multiple type questions of

  • Tenses
  • Modals
  • Subject-verb concord
  • Reported speech
  • Commands and requests
  • Statements
  • Questions
  •  Determiners

Literature textbook and Supplementary Reading text

  • First Flight
  • Footprints Without Feet

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